6. Sponsoring und Nachprüfung finden¶
One of the biggest advantages to using the UDD workflow is to improve quality by seeking review of changes by your peers. This is true whether or not you have upload rights yourself. Of course, if you don’t have upload rights, you will need to seek sponsorship.
Once you are happy with your fix, and have a branch ready to go, the following steps can be used to publish your branch on Launchpad, link it to the bug issue, and create a merge proposal for others to review, and sponsors to upload.
6.1. Zu Launchpad hochladen¶
We previously showed you how to associate your branch to the bug using dch and bzr commit. However, the branch and bug don’t actually get linked until you push the branch to Launchpad.
It is not critical to have a link to a bug for every change you make, but if you are fixing reported bugs then linking to them will be useful.
Die allgemeine Form der URL, zu der Du Deinen Branch hochlädst ist:
For example, to push your fix for bug 12345 in the Tomboy package for Trusty, you’d use:
$ bzr push lp:~subgenius/ubuntu/trusty/tomboy/bug-12345
Die letzte Komponente des Pfades ist frei wählbar, am besten entscheidest Du Dich für etwas dass Deine Änderung am treffendsten beschreibt.
However, this usually isn’t enough to get Ubuntu developers to review and sponsor your change. You should next submit a merge proposal.
Um dies zu tun, öffne den Bug-Report in Deinem Browser, z.B.:
$ bzr lp-open
Sollte dies fehlschlagen, dann benutze:
$ xdg-open https://code.launchpad.net/~subgenius/ubuntu/trusty/tomboy/bug-12345
where most of the URL matches what you used for bzr push. On this page, you’ll see a link that says Propose for merging into another branch. Type in an explanation of your change in the Initial Comment box. Lastly, click Propose Merge to complete the process.
Merge proposals to package source branches will automatically subscribe the ~ubuntu-branches team, which should be enough to reach an Ubuntu developer who can review and sponsor your package change.
6.2. Ein Debdiff erzeugen¶
As noted above, some sponsors still prefer reviewing a debdiff attached to bug reports instead of a merge proposal. If you’re requested to include a debdiff, you can generate one like this (from inside your bug-12345 branch):
$ bzr diff -rbranch:../tomboy.dev
Ein weiterer Weg dies zu tun ist den Merge-Vorschlag im Browser zu öffnen und das Diff herunterzuladen.
You should ensure that diff has the changes you expect, no more and no less. Name the diff appropriately, e.g. foobar-12345.debdiff and attach it to the bug report.
6.3. Umgang mit Feedback der Sponsoren¶
If a sponsor reviews your branch and asks you to change something, you can do this fairly easily. Simply go to the branch that you were working in before, make the changes requested, and then commit:
$ bzr commit
Wenn Du Deinen Branch nach Launchpad hochlädst, wird sich Bazaar merken wohin und der Branch in Launchpad wird aktualisiert mit Deinen letzten Commits. Alles was Du tun musst, ist:
$ bzr push
You can then reply to the merge proposal review email explaining what you changed, and asking for re-review, or you can reply on the merge proposal page in Launchpad.
Note that if you are sponsored via a debdiff attached to a bug report you need to manually update by generating a new diff and attaching that to the bug report.
The Ubuntu developers have set up a schedule of “patch pilots”, who regularly review the sponsoring queue and give feedback on branches and patches. Even though this measure has been put in place it might still take several days until you hear back. This depends on how busy everybody is, if the development release is currently frozen, or other factors.
Wenn Du eine Weile nichts mehr gehört hast, schaue einfach in #ubuntu-devel auf irc.freenode.net ob Dir jemand dort helfen kann.
Weitere Informationen über den allgemeinen Prozess für Sponsoring, sind auf https://wiki.ubuntu.com/SponsorshipProcess verfügbar.